Diabetes mellitus is a chronic ailment that necessitates certain lifestyle modifications, medicines, and self-care rituals essential. Life changes for people with diabetes and in certain ways, it is for good despite all the havoc diabetes can wreck on your health. This most probably happens only if your blood sugar is out of whack and you take no measures or not enough measures to control this.
If you are recently diagnosed with diabetes or are suffering from this problem since long you can benefit from this all in one guide presented by Marham , your digital healthcare partner helping you to reach and consult verified doctors from all specialties online.
Here we have enlisted essentials of life with diabetes mellitus type 2. Let’s take a look at this disease and how you can live life to its fullest with this ailment.
Lifestyle Changes to Control Your Diabetes
As we mentioned earlier diabetes means sticking to some lifestyle changes religiously. But before you get downtrodden by finicky nature of this disease let us assure you bringing in and sticking to all these lifestyle modifications is just like adopting all the healthy habits you always wanted to adopt.
The only change is that now this is important than ever. Below we have enlisted the important lifestyle modifications diabetes is supposed to make to limit complications and maintain a superior quality of life.
Indulging in physical activity on most days of the week is necessary for diabetes. It not only lowers blood sugar levels also helps in keeping heart diseases and corpulence at bay. 30 minutes of any kind of physical exertion is enough. You do not need to hit a fancy gym just put on a video on youtube or crank up some fast tracks and get moving.
2. Healthy Diet
Eating right is crucial to keep your blood sugar levels within a permissible limit. No foods are prohibited from you learn portion control and eat as only as much as your body needs. Some guideline you must keep in mind to have best diabetic diet management :
- Selecting low-fat dairy
- Keeping a check on carbs as these into sugars.
- Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains should make up most of your diet.
- Avoid refined foods.
- Eat lean meats only.
- Eat whole fruits and avoid juices.
3. Timely Checkups
With diabetes, certain complications are associated which can be life-threatening if not dealt with the ultimate care in the very beginning. This necessitates timely checkups for diabetics. These are the tests that should be done at regular intervals to keep the health status of different organs that can be affected by elevated blood sugar levels. These include:
- Eye exams
- Lipid profile
- Blood pressure check
- Foot and leg examination
- Kidney tests
4. Stress Management
Being stressed increases your blood sugar levels. It might be overwhelming at times to manage diabetes self-care in toe with all other responsibilities of daily life. If you feel anxious and unable to cope up with the demands of life talk to someone. Your family and friends might be a help if not you should seek proper attention from a psychologist to make things easier and better for you.
5. Quit Smoking
Diabetes is a disease that makes many other problems more likely such as heart problems, kidney dysfunction, stroke, neuropathy, and foot problems. In case you have diabetes and you smoke as well you are raising the chances of these problems a notch. Seek professional help if you find it difficult to quit smoking on your own.
6. Watch Alcohol Consumption
Drinking in diabetes can disturb your sugar levels making these go too high or too low. Standard recommendations suggest that diabetic women should not have more than one drink per day and diabetic men should not have more than 2 drinks in a day. also, check your blood sugar before and after drinking to avoid any unpleasant emergency.
Your Diabetes Care Team
When you have diabetes you are supposed to consult some healthcare professionals other than your physician. This is important because diabetes is a chronic disease and it can affect your health in a number of ways. Skin, eyes, toes, teeth, kidneys, and heart and several other organs may need your special attention if you are diabetic.
Here is the list of professionals you should be seeing at different times throughout the year, in case of any specific problem, or during your annual check-up. Also, the diabetes care team can vary depending upon the specific patient condition, health status, and any complications.
- General practitioner
- Optometrist or opthalmologist
This is a very basic team composition and patients may need to consult other specialists such as nephrologists for kidney healthcare etc.
When you do not keep your blood sugar level under control for a long time the elevated glucose in your blood tends to damage different organs and systems of your body. In the long run, this damage starts to appear in the form of diabetes complications which can be debilitating and life-threatening. Here are the complications that can arise due to diabetes and how you can stay safe from these.
- Diabetic neuropathy
- Diabetic nephropathy
- Nerve and vascular Damage
- Diabetes and cardiovascular complications
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Oral Complications
To stay safe from these and some other complications maintaining blood pressure, blood sugar level, and cholesterol close to normal is the only way out. All the essentials of life with diabetes establish the core of prevention for diabetes. You will have to maintain a healthy weight, get rid of belly fat, and stay active throughout the day to keep sugar levels normal. Also eating right at regular internals and learning the portion control is helpful in maintaining blood sugar level at normal and preventing slumps and spikes. Stress, when not managed properly, can elevate blood sugar hence stress management should not be overlooked.
Especially when you are prone to depression and anxiety stay tuned to how you feel and at any time you need help do not shy and consult the mental health care professionals right away.
Diabetes is a life long ailment but there is a lot you can do to make your life pleasant and enjoy it just like healthy individuals. Consistency is the key to success at every form in life and it is the same for diabetes.
Sehrish is a doctor of medicine who has a way with words. Addicted to freelancing and adept at creating and editing health-related content in different languages. She aspires for a more informed world regarding health and wellness.
Here are her two cents for staying healthy:
“There is no one size fits all sort of exercise and diet strategy. You have to tug out the ablest route for your body through trial and error.”